With growing recognition of the negative impact of conflict on development, and the need for more comprehensive, cross-cutting approaches to address the often deep-seated and complex issues that lie behind conflict, ICA:UK has become increasingly involved in seeing how the Technology of Participation (ToP) can be applied to situations of conflict, either on its own or when combined with other approaches and methodologies.
Using ToP in conflict provides an overview of how ToP is already being used, elaborating the different tools and methods being applied and illustrated with a number of case studies from around the world.
ICA:UK is also working on the project “Beyond Managing the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Demonstrating the Effectiveness of a Model for Social Transformation in Conflict”, which is part of a wider ten-year action research programme (2003–2013) created and coordinated by TRANSFORM. The programme aims at facilitating the bottom-up mobilisation of empowered constituencies for a socially just peace – making it a unique intervention in its scope and philosophy of action especially in the Middle East case and within the Israeli Palestinian conflict. A product of that work is a new methodology called Kumi, designed to enable social transformation in conflict.
ICA:UK held three introductory events in 2011/2012 to introduce Kumi and identify and explore issues and places where it might be applied. No further courses are currently planned, but if you are interested in learning more, see Introducing Kumi (pdf) for more information on the method or contact us directly.
In its most recent phase, the programme developed and tested a new methodological toolkit for ‘Social Transformation in Conflict’ (STiC), which will be used by groups or individuals in order to deal with conflicts among themselves and with others; organise themselves towards action; build positive relations and sustainably develop their communities. The new toolkit, called KUMI (or Rise Up in both Arabic and Hebrew) combines three distinct approaches to conflict transformation and community development and will allow communities, organisations and other groups to creatively engage in dealing with conflicts and the sustainable development of their societies. It is a vision-led, action-orientated process to enable a group which is in conflict, and wants to make a contribution but is insufficiently organised to do so, to get to a point where they have a deeper understanding of each others’ perspectives and needs and where they are ready to start moving forward together. To read more see Kumi History and Description (pdf)
The creation of KUMI is being done through the collaboration of ICA:UK, the Institute of Integrative Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding (IICP) and the ARIA Group.
Over the last few years, the programme received funding from NOVIB (Oxfam Netherlands), the MBI Foundation, the Heinrich Böll Stiftung, the ZIVIK programme of the German Foreign Ministry and the United States Institute of Peace (USIP). In 2009-2010 the programme is funded by generous grants from the European Commission’s Partnership for Peace programme and ZIVIK. This phase is implemented by the Heinrich Böll Stiftung (Germany), the Young Israeli Forum for Cooperation (YIFC – Israel), the Palestinian Initiative for the Promotion of Dialogue and Democracy (MIFTAH - Palestine), and TRANSFORM.
In 2011 the work with Kumi began to spread beyond Israel and Palestine and to apply the method and approach to other areas and other types of conflict. In Europe, in an initiative led by TRANSFORM, ICA:UK is working with organisations in the Netherlands, and Germany to explore how KUMI can help address the growing issue of Islamophobia. An outout of this work was the Kumi Handbook, setting out how Kumi can be introduced and applied for different groups of learners in Europe.